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Bioinspired lipoproteins-mediated photothermia remodels tumor stroma to improve cancer cell accessibility of second nanoparticles

The tumor stromal microenvironments (TSM) including stromal cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) form an abominable barrier hampering nanoparticles accessibility to cancer cells, significantly compromising their antitumor effects. Herein, we report a bioinspired lipoprotein (bLP) that can induce efficient photothermia to remodel TSM and improve second bLP accessibility to cancer cells for antitumor therapy. The multiple stromal cells and ECM components in TSM are remarkably disrupted by bLP-mediated photothermal effects, which cause a 4.27-fold enhancement of second bLP accumulation in tumor, deep penetration in whole tumor mass and 27.0-fold increase of accessibility to cancer cells. Of note, this bLP-mediated TSM-remodeling to enhance cancer cell accessibility (TECA) strategy produces an eminent suppression of tumor growth and results in a 97.4% inhibition of lung metastasis, which is superior to the counterpart liposomes. The bLP-mediated TECA strategy provides deeper insights into enhancing nanoparticle accessibility to cancer cells for antitumor therapy.

Nature Communications volume 10, Article number: 3322 (2019)

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